The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences

More About Biomechanics

What is Sport and Exercise Biomechanics?

Sport and Exercise Biomechanics is a title that encompasses the area of science concerned with the analysis of mechanics of human movement. In other words it is the science of explaining how and why the human body moves in the way that it does. In sport and exercise that definition is often extended to also consider the interaction between the performer and his or her equipment and environment. Biomechanics is traditionally divided into the areas of kinetics (concerning the analysis of the forces acting on the body) and kinematics (concerning the analysis of the movements of the body).

What Do Biomechanists Do?

The following are the some examples of the areas where Biomechanics is applied to either support performers or solve issues in sport or exercise:

  • The identification of the optimal technique for enhancing sports performance
  • The analysis of body loading to determine the safest method for performing a particular sport or exercise task
  • The assessment of muscular recruitment and loading
  • The analysis of sport and exercise equipment e.g., shoes, surfaces and racquets.

Biomechanists are generally involved in attempting to either enhance performance or reduce the injury risk in the sport and exercise tasks examined.

Biomechanics Related Links

American Society of Biomechanics 
www.asb-biomech.org
Society information, details of conferences etc. and links to other biomechanics related sites. No specific sport and exercise section.

Australian and New Zealand Society of Biomechanics
www.anzsb.asn.au
Society information, details of conferences, members contact details etc. and links to other biomechanics related sites. No specific sport and exercise section.

Biomechanics World Wide 
www.yext.com
Biomechanics World Wide is designed to assist individuals in their search for information on the broad topic of biomechanics. Acts as a biomechanics search engine and listing of a wide range of biomechanics related sites. Has a section for sport and exercise.  

Canadian Society of Biomechanics 
Society information, details of conferences etc. and links to other biomechanics related sites. No specific sport and exercise section.

CIS - The ISBS Coaches Information System
www.coachesinfo.com
This site offers an information service principally aimed at coaches but summarising recent biomechanical studies and hosting on-line discussions and debates on current issues. Interesting links for those working in sport to keep abreast of the developments and applications of biomechanics in sport.

European Society of Biomechanics
www.esbiomech.org 
Society information, details of conferences etc. and links to other biomechanics related sites. No specific sport and exercise section.

Gait and Clinical Movement Analysis Society
www.gcmas.org
This society is devoted to the quantitative analysis of gait and other human movement, with particular emphasis on analyses with clinical applications. Individuals who are new to this field, or who are interested in learning more about movement analysis may want to examine some basic information documents that have been contributed. The homepage serves as a point for dissemination of a variety of information that is relevant to biomechanics.

International Society of Biomechanics
www.isbweb.org
Details of member services, conferences and special interest/technical groups. Excellent links to sites to download biomechanical applications and data sets.

International Society of Biomechanics in Sports  
www.isbs.org
One of the few sites dedicated specifically to the biomechanics of sport. The society site offers details of member services (including the Coaches’ information service – see CIS above). There are also links to the reports produced from various ISBS supported projects at major sports championships.

International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology 
www.isek-online.org
This website is for those with an interest in EMG in particular. Society information, details of conferences etc and links to other related sites. Of most interest will be the reporting standards for EMG which should be followed whenever members wish to publish studies using EMG techniques.

International Sports Engineering Association
www.sportsengineering.co.uk 
Useful site for those interested in engineering and design related issues in sport and exercise. Much of the site requires password entry details of which are available from the home page.

Sportscience
www.sportsci.org
The home site for the Sport Science discussion group hosted by Will Hopkins. Not biomechanics specific, but contains some general interesting and topical sport science discussions with occasional biomechanics issues.

Teaching Information Service for Biomechanics
www.usfca.edu/ess/tis
The Teaching information service provides links to a wide range of websites offering data sets, simulations, virtual laboratory sessions and tutorials across the spectrum of sport and exercise biomechanics. You need to be selective but a good starting point if you want to find teaching materials.

The Prescription Foot Orthotic Laboratory Association 
www.pfola.org
A site for the podiatric biomechanists and those interested in foot orthotics information, details of conferences etc. and links to other biomechanics related sites.

Research Group in Breast Health 
www.port.ac.uk/breastresearch 
Pioneering independent scientific research to broaden understanding, inform product development and raise awareness of breast science and breast health.

Biomechanics Related Journals

Clinical Biomechanics, Gait and Posture, Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 
www.elsevier.com

International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport
www.ingentaconnect.com

Journal of Applied Biomechanics
www.humankinetics.com

Journal of Biomechanics
www.jbiomech.com

Journal of Sports Science
www.tandf.co.uk/journals/

Sports Biomechanics
www.uni-stuttgart.de

Biomechanics Education   

Biology and Health Resources below:

kidshealth.org - A comprehensive site about kids health covering feelings, safety, illnesses and injuries, how the body works, the growing body and mind, health problems and other equally important topics.

library.thinkquest.org - A tour of the human body in a library think quest visiting the skeletal, muscular, nervous, digestive, respiratory, circulatory and urinary systems.

www.medicalandnursing-training.com - A short and sweet compilation of the eleven organ systems in the human body with links to sites devoted to exploring each one further.

serendip.brynmawr.edu - An interactive biology page for kids with tutorials, interesting sites, games, and quizzes in a number of biology topics ranging from neurobiology to human anatomy.

www.highschoolace.com - High School Biology homework help and topics ranging from zoology, botany, microbiology, genetics, evolution, etc.

www.adultlearn.com - A page dedicated towards biology lab help that feature many resources for homework help, tips, and online tutoring.

nhscience.lonestar.edu - A page with biology animations, movies, and interactive tutorial links in chemistry, biochemistry, cellular structure and function, mitosis, meiosis, cellular transport, cellular respiration, photosynthesis and plants, heredity, DNA, and much more.

www.usa-people-search.com - A great site offering many resources for biology animations to help further explain tough concepts in chemistry, biochemistry, cells, and cell structure.

http://www.startlocal.in/articles/educational_articles_a_guide_to_biomechanics.html - Startlocal a guide to Biomechanics.

http://online-phd-uk.co.uk/ This site Online PhD UK will provide you the general information you seek with regard to thePhD programs in the UK universities, the process involved in applying for and completing the programs, the different kinds of PhDs, and what funding is available.

http://americandoctoratedegreeprograms.com/,
Free advice and related resources about PhDs around the world.

http://www.thecandidadiet.com/anatomy-of-the-immune-system/
It's a great overview of the immune system. (It covers the basics like the Lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow and more!)